About Gauge

What's Gauge?

Gauge is the width of the track. Only trains that fit the track will run on it.

Which Gauges Are Most Lionel Trains?

Most Lionel trains run on two similar, related track gauges: O gauge and O-27 gauge.

What's the Difference?

Curves in O-27 gauge are tighter than in O gauge. That means that some of the very longest O gauge cars and locomotives are too long to turn the tight corners of O-27 gauge layout. All O-27 gauge cars and locomotives will work on O gauge track.

Lionel trains and track come in different gauges. Lionel O gauge and O-27 gauge trains are our most popular. We also sell S gauge American Flyer trains, which are slightly smaller, and G (garden) gauge trains, which are slightly bigger. When shopping for a train or train set, be sure to choose products that are designed to work together. Usually that means they need to be the same gauge.

If you're new to model railroading, you might be wondering, "What exactly is Gauge?" That's simple. Gauge refers to the distance between the outside rails of your track. (Your train's wheels roll along these two rails; the third, or "inside," rail is for power.)

O and O-27 gaugesO and O-27 gauges

O and O-27 gauges

Lionel manufactures two kinds of three-rail track -- Lionel O-27 gauge and Lionel O gauge. Both are actually the same gauge -- 1 1/4 inches between the rails -- but serve slightly different needs.

Lionel O-27 gauge track makes tighter curves than O gauge. Assemble O-27 curves into a circle and you get (surprise!) a 27-inch diameter circle. If your railroad has limited space, choose Lionel O-27. It's value-priced, offering various curves and crossovers as well as manual and remote-control switches. Fastrack comes standard in all Lionel ready-to-run starter sets.

O and O-27 gauges

Gauge vs. scale

As you now know, gauge refers to track size. Scale, on the other hand, measures the size relationship between a model and its real-world prototype. For example, a Lionel locomotive that is 1/48th the size of the real thing is called 1/48th or 1:48 scale. (As it happens, O gauge trains are 1/48th scale.) Sometimes the terms "gauge" and "scale" are used interchangeably even though, technically, they're different.

Other gauges

Lionel has been making toy trains for a century, and we've manufactured products in a number of different gauges:

2-7/8-inch gauge

Joshua Lionel Cowen's first train, The Electric Express, ran on 2-7/8-inch track. Lionel made trains in this gauge between 1901 and 1905.

Standard gauge

In 1906,Cowen announced his new "standard gauge" (2-1/8 inches wide), which Lionel manufactured until 1939. (Standard gauge was eclipsed by smaller and less expensive O gauge, which we introduced in 1915 and produce to this day.)

OO gauge

Lionel OO gauge is 1:76 scale and very close in size to HO. It was manufactured by Lionel between 1938 and 1942.

HO gauge

At 5/8 inches wide (with a scale of 1:87), HO is exactly half the size of O gauge. Lionel made HO gauge from 1957 to 1967. (It's the most popular gauge on the market, but a bit small for young hands.)

Other gauges in use today include:

TT (Table Top)

TT is 1/120 scale and (we've heard) popular in Russia.

N Scale

N is 1:160 scale and the second most popular scale after HO.

Z scale

This is the latest gauge from Europe, with a scale of 1:220.